START (Source: https://www.history.com/topics/douglas-macarthur)
Congratulations General MacArthur! The year is 1950 and you are a well-respected five star general. During World War I, you helped lead the 42nd division in France. After that performance, and before the second world war, President Herbert Hoover named you chief of staff of the army, with the rank of general. As general, you successfully commanded the Southwest Pacific during the height of World War II, liberated the Philippines from the hands of the Japanese in 1944, and occupied Japan after the fact. Now, Socialist, communist, monarchal, fascist, whatever-you-want-to-call-it newly formed North Korea has been getting in sticky situations with South Korea (https://www.lowyinstitute.org/the-interpreter/if-north-korea-isnt-communist-then-what-it)and you have been chosen, one of the best generals in America, to return and lead the United Nations’ army in occupying and protecting South Korea.
How did this happen, though? When you aided the U.S. in defeating the axis nations like Germany, Japan, and Italy, Japan lost control of formerly one colony, Korea. Japan had control of Korea since 1910- it’s safe to say Korea had some getting used to being independent, so a temporary solution was put in place. Korea was split in two parts splitting at the 38th parallel.
The northern part was being controlled by Soviet Russia, under the command of Joseph Stalin, who’s been present since the height of World War II, 1941. The southern part of Korea is occupied by the United States. Korea attempted to form a national government, but it failed miserably. That is when two separate nations formed- communist North Korea, and western-aligned South Korea. Splitting into two nations may have seemed like a good compromise since there are two very different ideals in each nation, until border clashes arose between them- that border was the 38th parallel. Essentially, both nations claimed sovereignty over the entire peninsula- NOT a good compromise.
You’ve been conditioned for this moment, and you’re absolutely confident and ready to lead. You didn’t necessarily have quiet and humble beginnings, either. Born in Little Rock Barracks in Arkansas, you said yourself that “it was here I learned to ride and shoot even before I could read or write–indeed, almost before I could walk or talk.” But that’s because your father, Arthur MacArthur was an army officer, always stationed on the western frontier outposts. How does it feel to become just as great, and even surpass your father? It feels amazing, and you’re ready to rumble and ready to show North Korea who’s boss.
ARE YOU GOING TO ASSAULT INCHON? (https://www.history.com/topics/inchon)
You’ve agreed to the position by request of current President Truman, and you’re glad to lead the U.N. in this endeavor. Dwindling on the 38th parallel, the border in which North and South Korea are conflicting over, your duty is to serve and protect South Korea by (almost) any means necessary. North Korea had just invaded South Korea, and you were there to take command.
Truman: What’s your idea, MacArthur?
MacArthur: Looking at our options, I believe an attack on Inch’on would be our best bet. The port is 100 miles south of the 38th parallel and just 25 miles from Seoul. We can invade here, thus leading us to recapture that piece of the border.
Truman: Your prospects are good, General, but I’m afraid Inch’on just sounds too risky. They could hit back even harder being so close to Seoul.
*choose to attack the port of Inch’on, listen to Truman and resist, or propose a different plan of action.*
GO THROUGH WITH THE PLAN. ATTACK INCH’ON
MacArthur: I apologize President Truman, I assure you this is the best option. We’ll plan a strategic amphibious attack on Inch’on on September 15.
*You hang up the phone*
You examine the map you have of the Koreas and plan the attack. Wasting no time,
How are you going to assault Inch’on?
Amphibious Attack, Air Attack, or Sea Attack
the same year you were put in charge, you run a successful attack on a North Korean controlled port.
Surprising the North Koreans, U.S. marines boldly invaded the port on the west coast. This broke North Korean supply lines, and later led to the recapture of Seoul, the South Korean capital that had fallen under North Korean control that June.
The battle on the 15th of September was a definite turning point in the war.
Truman: I must say, General, this was some great strategic work. But I must say there was little room for error. Attacks like this are extremely risky- but your boldness and strategic planning proved to work.
MacArthur: Thank you Mister President, I believe we should discuss our next plan of action with this victory.
Truman: No risky business this time, alright?
MacArthur: Sir, in the games of love and war, it’s all about taking risks that take home the gold.
CONTINUE THE PUSH. BETTER FASTER STRONGER.
You hang up the phone. As supreme commander of the United Nations in this fight, the pressure is on. There is no time to rest. You begin the next push.
That fall, you and your troops were able to gradually push the North Koreans all the way back to the Chinese border.
You meet with Truman in person to discuss policy.
Truman: I heard the news, MacArthur. I’m afraid you’ve gone too far. Don’t you think the People’s Republic of China will view this as a sign of aggression? You’re playing with fire, General, the Chinese won’t play around.
MacArthur: President Truman, with all due respect, this has seldom to do with the Chinese. The chances of them intervening our intentions are quite slim.
Truman: You won’t convince me this time, General. Be cautious with the communists.
Even after the end of that conversation, you’re not convinced. You sincerely believe the Chinese won’t intervene. Why would they? The conflict is between North Korea, the U.N, and the U.S.. You look out the airplane window in deep thought.
All is good though, you’re General MacArthur, and nothing can stop you. You plan the next attack for October, less than a month later from the successful attack on Inch’on. American and South Korean troops collaborate to push the North Koreans past the 38th parallel and successfully sent them into retreat. That led to the recapture of North Korean capital, Pyongyang on October 19, 1950, thanks to your commandeering.
Your troops kept pushing through towards the Yalu River, which is the border between North Korea and Communist China, and were abruptly halted when China entered the fray that fall.
As General, you’re annoyed, and you don’t like being wrong. When an outside party intervenes in your plans, it’s frustrating.
That November, you were about to be dead wrong.
It’s late November, and massive forces of Chinese troops pushed your troops back into retreat. Sweat drips down your forehead as your heart beats faster.
MacArthur: GO GO GO! NO TIME TO WASTE!
You rush your troops into retreat so as to not waste any more human lives.
You and your troops resist but it’s no use. The communist forces recapture Seoul in early January 1951. You, General MacArthur, spends the New Years holiday in retreat. Your frustration moves to anger, pure anger, and there was seldom you could do about it.
You were use to winning- win after win, and now your ego is hurt, merely destroyed.
You make the push and reoccupy the South Korean capital in March, and the future is no longer looking as dim for you and the South Koreans.
Truman: What’s going ON over there, General?
MacArthur: Mister President, I Have everything under control. I assure-
Truman: There’s no more assurance, General-
MacArthur: To be frank, mister President, I believe the solution to bring us back in front is to bomb the People’s Republic of China.
Truman: What, are you nuts? I won’t even consider that possibility. You know I want to keep this a limited war. We cannot afford another World ordeal.
MacArthur: I’m the one on the front lines, President Truman, it’s the only way to bring us back to completely diminish the communists.
Truman: This is not a discussion, General. The answer is absolutely not. Goodbye.
As reports of this plight permeate through the U.S., you’re asked to make a public comment about it to the press. Caught at a bad time, your sweat, blood, and tears justify your anger in a very public statement threatening to bomb China.
The phone rings on April 11, 1951, after your bold statement. It’s President Truman. You and him haven’t had the best relations, but now is the time that he gives you consequences. He gives you the news, and your pride is hurt even more.
The plane ride home is a long one, but perhaps not long enough. You stare out the window again, pondering thought.
Although the devastating news spread around your home country by the time you arrived, you are welcomed with respect- you are an American hero. There is even a parade in your honor. Perhaps your pride wasn’t so hurt after all- the American people understand, and they understood your frustration with President Truman. Yourself along with most Americans are use to unconditional victory, especially after both world wars.
The public dispute arose as you turned on the radio. Head in your hands, you hear Truman address your public statement:
Truman: It is right for us to be in Korea. Communists in the Kremlin are engaged in a monstrous conspiracy to stamp out freedom all over the world. It would be wrong—tragically wrong—for us to take the initiative in extending the war… Our aim is to avoid the spread of the conflict. I believe that we must try to limit the war to Korea for these vital reasons: To make sure that the precious lives of our fighting men are not wasted; to see that the security of our country and the free world is not needlessly jeopardized; and to prevent a third world war.
In your own response to the statement, you utter, “I understand now-”
Truman: -so that there would be no doubt or confusion as to the real purpose and aim of our policy.
After Truman’s statement regarding his reasons for your removal from Korea, the public addresses continue- you are even asked to speak before Congress.
You accept. Most of the nation was listening on the radio as you spoke.(http://www.rjgeib.com/thoughts/war/douglas-macarthur-farewell.html)
I stand on this rostrum with a sense of deep humility and great pride – humility in the wake of those great architects of our history who have stood here before me, pride in the reflection that this home of legislative debate represents human liberty in the purest form yet devised.
Here are centered the hopes and aspirations and faith of the entire human race.
I do not stand here as advocate for any partisan cause, for the issues are fundamental and reach quite beyond the realm of partisan considerations. They must be resolved on the highest plane of national interest if our course is to prove sound and our future protected.
I trust, therefore, that you will do me the justice of receiving that which I have to say as solely expressing the considered viewpoint of a fellow American.
I address you with neither rancor nor bitterness in the fading twilight of life, with but one purpose in mind: to serve my country.
I have just left your fighting sons in Korea. They have met all tests there, and I can report to you without reservation that they are splendid in every way.
It was my constant effort to preserve them and end this savage conflict honorably and with the least loss of time and a minimum sacrifice of life. Its growing bloodshed has caused me the deepest anguish and anxiety. Those gallant men will remain often in my thoughts and in my prayers always.
I am closing my fifty-two years of military service. When I joined the army, even before the turn of the century, it was the fulfillment of all my boyish hopes and dreams.
The world has turned over many times since I took the oath on the plain at West Point, and the hopes and dreams have long since vanished, but I still remember the refrain of one of the most popular barracks ballads of that day which proclaimed most proudly that old soldiers never die; they just fade away.
And like the old soldier of that ballad, I now close my military career and just fade away, an old soldier who tried to do his duty as God gave him the light to see that duty. Good-by.
Next chapter, or choose a new path